The Winged Victory of Samothrace, also called the Nike of Samothrace, is a 2nd century BC marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike (Victory). Since 1884, it has been prominently displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world.
Fifth and first three quarters of the fourth century BCE
This fragment of a vase painting is an indication of what the skene or stage-building looked like. In the fifth and first three quarters of the fourth century BC, the various elements of the architectural façade you see here were just images painted on a flat panel called skenographia (‘scene-painting’). Aristotle credits Sophocles with the introduction of scene painting. In the fifth and most of the fourth century scene painting was never a depiction of natural landscape but represented with perspective the façade of a palace with columns and side porches with doors, as you see here. These paintings were mounted on wooden frames, which were placed in fron of the stage-building. Scene painting was not replaced with a real architectural façade until the last quarter of 4th century.