Ancient Egyptian music notation From a set of 6 parchments described by German musicologist Hans Hickmann in his 1956 book Musicologie Pharaonique, or Music under the Pharaohs,as dating from the 5th to 7th centuries C.E. Colors are presumed to indicate pitch and size to indicate duration. Writings on the parchment are in Coptic with indications like “Spiritual Harmony” and “Holy Hymn Singer”. This manuscript had a profound influence on Egyptian composer Halim El-Dabh’s music notation and paintings when he discovered a reproduction in Vogue magazine in 1952.
Note: I wasn’t able to locate these manuscripts and couldn’t find any reference to them online, but they are presumably in NY’s Metropolitan Museum collections. This image comes from Theresa Sauer’s book Notations 21, Mark Batty Publisher, USA, 2009.
David Roberts RA (24 October 1796 – 25 November 1864) was a Scottish painter. He is especially known for a prolific series of detailed prints of Egypt and the Near East that he produced during the 1840s from sketches he made during long tours of the region (1838–1840). This work, and his large oil paintings of similar subjects, made him a prominent Orientalist painter. He was elected as a Royal Academician in 1841. [wikipedia]
Engelbach, R. : “An architect’sproject from Thebes”
C’est le plan d’une salle rectangulaire, rattachée à une tombe royale(?), dont les murs sont indiqués par une ligne rouge tracée au cordeau. L’axe du plan est clairement tracé: c’est l'un des rares cas de l’indicationde l’axe dans un dessin égyptien.
Le dessin architectural chez les anciens égyptiens; étude comparative des représentations égyptiennes de constructions, Badawy A, 1948